ENS, Jaurès, 24 rue Lhomond, 75005 Paris
Functional neuroimaging has given rise to tens of thousands of publications, but we remain far from a comprehensive understanding the neural basis of mental functions. I will argue that this arises from two fundamental flaws in the way that neuroimaging research has been done. First, I will argue that we have been asking the wrong questions, such that our research strategy has no way of uncovering selective relations between brain systems and mental functions. Second, I will argue that we have been asking these questions in the wrong way, using methods that do not provide reproducible results. I will outline a set of conceptual and analytic strategies that I hope can help address these problems.