New Ideas in Evolution and Social Cognition

Beyond adoption dynamics: the cultural evolution of modern contraception in Ethiopia

Informations pratiques
20 janvier 2021

The uptake of a fertility-reducing technology, such a modern contraception, directly challenges Darwinian notions of fitness. Evolutionary approaches have proposed numerous mechanisms for explaining the origins, spread and maintenance of low fertility through the adoption of fertility-reducing behaviour. However, the literature has not yet engaged with the reversible dynamics of contraceptive behaviour at the individual level (adopt, discontinue, re-adopt). In this talk, I will draw on social network, demographic and interview data from Ethiopia to evaluate the salience of evolutionary explanations for understanding the cultural evolution of modern contraception and its impact on the demographic transition.